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Bowing is a respectful way to acknowledge or greet your instructors and fellow students, and will quickly become a regular part of your martial arts training.

When to bow

When you enter the Dojahng, you are entering a place where the customs of Korea are observed. Bowing is a Korean custom that shows respect. As martial arts students, you will bow frequently.

Bow whenever you first enter and when you last exit the practice area and the Dojahng. This bow is executed by bending 90° at the waist, eyes lowered, and saying “Kuk Sool.”

When you first see an instructor, bow to him/her as you greet him/her. When you leave the Dojahng, bow to the instructor as you bid him/her farewell.

If you are in the Dojahng when a class bows in, always bow with the class, even if you are not ready for class or not staying for class. In such a situation, if you are in street clothes, you may perform the bows from a standing position — called an informal bow — at the side of the practice area, keeping your arms at your sides. If you are in uniform, then you hands should be holding your belt in the attention position.

Bowing in to Begin Class

When your instructor is ready to begin class you will be given the command to line up. Students will shout “Yes Sir” and quickly find an open space to line up, at attention, by belt rank. After the students are lined up the instructor will give the following sequence of commands:

  1. Juhng Jah: This means kneel. You will face forward with your eyes up and hands in attention position.
  2. Kuk Ki Da Hae Kyung Nea: This is the bow to the two national flags: the American and Korean flags.
  3. Won Ki Da Hae Kyung Nea: This is the bow to the Kuk Sool Won Association flag
  4. Kuk Sa Nim Ke Kyung Nea: This is the bow to our national Martial Arts Teacher, Grandmaster In Hyuk Suh.
  5. The next series of bows are to the black belts, starting with the highest rank and decending to the lowest rank.
  6. If a class is beginning, the instructor will say: Soo Ryuhn Shee Shak Kyung Nea.
  7. If a class is ending the instructor will say: Soo Ryuhn Geut Kyung Nea.
  8. The last bow thanks the instructor for class: Dae Dan Hee Kam Sa Ham Nee Da.
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